Arunachal Pradesh >>
83,743 sq km
Indigenous languages, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali & English
Best Visiting Season
October to April.
Right at the top of
north-eastern India, is Arunachal Pradesh, the `Land of the Dawn-lit-Mountains.'
The area is one of the most pristine in India, with a dazzling array of flora
and fauna, in a habitat that combines glacial terrain, alpine meadows, and
sub-tropical rain forests. More that 90 per cent of the state is densely
Arunachal Pradesh stands as a guard on the north
easternmost part of India. It borders Myanmar on the east, Bhutan in the west
and China in the north and North East. On the south the State shares interstate
boundaries with Assam and hills of Nagaland in the south-east. Part of Eastern
Himalayan ranges, it covers an area of 83,743 Sq. Kms.
sits atop Assam, with Bhutan to its' west, and Myanmar on the east. This is the
first Indian soil to greet the morning sun. Dawn first illuminates Arunachal's
border with China: a long border which stretches all the way from its east, over
to its northern boundaries and down to its north-western edge where it merges
with Tibet. Most of Arunachal Pradesh has primary jungles, deep gorges and
villages in really remote places. The changing colors provide a constant
reminder of diversity and cheerful spirits.
Arunachal Pradesh is
the largest state in the north-east region. Agriculture is the main occupation
of the people. The principal crop is rice, and other important crops include
maize, millets, wheat, pulses, potato, sugarcane and oilseeds.
Structure Arunachal Pradesh
The state encompasses a
horseshoe-shaped territory which is located between latitude 26 Degree 28' and
29 Degree 30'E. The longitudinal location of the state gives it the epithet of
the 'land of the rising sun'.
The state is bounded by Bhutan,
Tibet, China and Myanmar (Burma) towards the N and NE direction and has an area
f 83,743 sq. km, with more than 70,000 sq. km, being mountainous. The main
ridges and spurs fan out to the plains in the south in a transverse direction
except in some places where they run in E-W direction. The ridges show great
variation in height with averages ranging between 1800 and 6400m. The steep
ridges have also acted as natural barriers to communication with the outside
world and thus enabled various tribes to live in isolation and thus contribute
indirectly to the proliferation and sustenance of various dialects.
A common features of the
topography is that mountain routes follow river systems except at places where
they are blocked by steep flanks. The rugged and difficult terrain ensures that
outsiders do not ingress into the area easily. The state probably receives the
heaviest rainfall in the country. It experiences an average annual rainfall of
300 cm. The foothills experience an annual rainfall of more than 450 cm.
Variation in altitude ensures a wide range of temperatures, with the warm and
humid climate of lower valleys changing to extremely cold weather in the higher
reaches of the state.
The Climatic conditions vary
from sub-tropical to temperate depending upon the topography and altitude of the
area. The hot and humid lower belt of foothills records a maximum temperature of
40 degree Celsius in summer while in the middle belt cooler micro thermal
climate is experienced. The high altitude upper belt resembles the alpine
climate with large areas experiencing snowfalls during winter. The average
rainfall per year is little above 3,000 mm.
Restrictions & Permits
Contrary to popular belief
Inner Line restrictions were not imposed in the state by the Indian Government
due to its status as a sensitive border state. The Inner Line Regulation Act was
first introduced by the British in 1873 for the areas inhabited by tribes.
The regulations were reintroduced in 1914 when the areas were recognized as
North East Frontier Tract. The inner line regulations were further reinforced by
the first Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru who emphasized the protection
of tribal culture of the state and discouraged migration of outsiders to tribal
Recently the Indian Government
has opened up Tawang district in the W. Kameng Division and the Namdhapa
Wildlife Sanctuary in the changing district bordering Burma. Indian
Tourists intending to visit these places can get inner line permits from the
Resident Commissioner in New Delhi located in Arunachal Bhavan, Kautilya Marg,
Chanakya Puri, or from any one of the liaison officers of Arunachal Pradesh
stationed in Kolkata.
Tourist Places Arunachal Pradesh
Kameng District & Tawang
Kameng Division is located in
the western-most part of Arunachal Pradesh bordering Bhutan on its west.
The northern-most top of Kameng Division comprises Tawang district inhabited
mostly by the Monpa tribe. It is known as Monyul, the land of Mon (the
lower land). During the Indo-China war in 1962 this region was temporarily
occupied by the Chinese army. The district is subdivided in the local
traditional 'Cho', a group of 3-12 villages. The Cho is further subdivided
into 'Gachungs' which comprises a single large village or a group of small
hamlets. Every village has its 'Gaon' Bura'.
Thingbu and Tsachu hot water
The warm sulphur-rich water cures
many skin ailments.
Malinithan and Bhismaknagar
These are two important
This is a prominent pilgrimage site.
Namdapha National Park
Established : 1972
as a national park, 1983 as a tiger reserve.
Location : 62 Kms.
Bank of : Brahmaputra River
Season (Namdapha National Park) November-May, the
best period being December-March.
Access: Drive to the park
from Dibrugarh (140 km , 5 hours) or Gauhati (full day) airports, with flights
from Calcutta and Delhi respectively. The nearest railway station is at Ledo,
near Margherita (56 km). Situated in the Changlang district,
this is home to the rare Hoolock gibbon. It is the only park in the world in
which four of the great felines - tiger, leopard, snow leopard and clouded
leopard - are found.
Sessa Orchid Sanctuary and
Orchid Research Centre at Tippi
Some beautiful specimens of orchids,
both natural and hybrid, and including some endangered species, are on display
here. These are at their best in the spring and monsoon seasons.
Hotels in Arunachal
"about Arunachal Pradesh" a
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