Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttranchal, Sikkim Darjeeling, Arunachal, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Ladakh, Zanskarv

H I S T O R Y   O F   H I M A L A Y A S  

ADVENTURE ACTIVITIES
River Rafting
Wildlife
Himalayan Camping
Jeep Safari
Jungle Safari
Motor Bike Safari
Mountaineering
Rock Climbing
Trekking
Hang Gliding
Para Gliding
Skiing in Himalayas
                      More . . .
TOUR PACKAGES
Adventure Himalayas
Himalayan Wildlife
Secret of Bhutan
Water Rafting Tours
Treks of Himalayas
Amarnath Yatra
Kailash Mansarovar Tour
Badrinath-Kedarnath
Chardham Yatra
Everest Base Camp
Kangchenjunga Base Camp
Nanda Devi Base Camp
Camping  Mountaineering
Darjeeling Tour
Jeep Safari Travel
Buddhist Sectors
Leh Ladakh Tours
Nepal-Bhutan Tour
Tibet Kathmandu Travel
Trip for Faith
                       More . . .
TRAVEL DESTINATIONS
Jammu & Kashmir
Himachal Pradesh
Leh Ladakh
Uttaranchal
Nepal
Tibet
Sikkim
Bhutan
Arunachal
                       More . . .
ABOUT HIMALAYAS
History
Geography
Himalayan Lands
Travel Tips
Peaks & Passes
People & Religion
Hill Stations
Fast Facts Himalayas
Mountain Ranges
Rivers of Himalayas
Culture Travel

Wildlife of Himalayas 
                       More . . .

PILGRIMAGE HIMALAYAS
Lahaul & Spiti
Dharamshala
Kullu
Vaishno Devi Yatra
Amarnath Yatra
Kailash Mansarover Yatra
Holy Places Sarahan
Tibet Pilgrimage
Nepal Pilgrimage
Bhutan Pilgrimage 
                      More . . .
TREKS of HIMALAYAS
Treks in Ladakh
Treks in Shimla
Spiti Valley Treks
Lahaul Valley Treks
Treks in Kullu Valley
Treks in Kangra Valley
Chamba Valley Treks
Treks in Garhwal
Treks in Kumaon
Treks in Darjeeling
Treks in Sikkim
Treks in Arunachal
Treks in Bhutan
Treks in Nepal
Treks in Tibet
                       More . . .

Trekking Itineraries

Padum to Martselang
Padum-Lamayuru
Shang La-Matho La
Paro-Lingshi-Thimpu
Bumthang Cultural
Kangchenjunga Base Camp
The Druk Path Trek
High on Nepal   
Secret of Bhutan
Kauri Pass Trekking
Gangotri Nandavan
Everest Base Camp
Magical Mustang
Annapurna Sanctuary
Laya and Lingshi Trek
Snowman Trekking
Markha Valley Trek 
Kargil to Padum 
Padum to Kishtwar 
Monasteries Tour
To Bara Bangal  
Beas Kund 
Pin Valley  
Spiti: Drive-Cum-Trek  
Kailash Mansarovar Yatra

-:Main Links:-

ADVENTURE ACTIVITIES HIMALAYAS

TRAVEL DESTINATIONS HIMALAYAS

TOUR PACKAGES HIMALAYAS

ABOUT HIMALAYAS

TREKKING IN HIMALAYAS

PILGRIMAGE IN HIMALAYAS

Hotels in India

  R E L A T E D   T O P I C S

History| Geography| Himalayan Lands & Routes (Indian Himalayan Routes), (Nepal Himalayan Routes), (Tibetan Himalayan Routes), (Bhutanese Himalayan Routes) | Travel Tips - (Preparation for the Trip), (Altitude Sickness)| Peaks & Passes (Mount Everest), (K-2), (Kangchenjunga), (Lhotse), (Makalu), (Cho Oyu), (Dhaulagiri), (Manaslu), (Nanga Parbat), (Annapurna), (Jammu Kashmir Glaciers), (Uttaranchal Glaciers) | People & Religion | Hill Stations (Gulmarg-Sonamarg), (Srinagar), (Ladakh), (Shimla), (Manali), (Kullu), (Dharamshala), (Sarahan), (Nainital), (Mussoorie), (Rishikesh), (Gangtok), (Darjeeling), (Kailash Mansarovar)| Fast Facts Himalayas| Mountain Ranges| Rivers of Himalayas (Five Sisters), (Indus River), (Chenab River), (Ganga River), (Yamuna River), (Brahmaputra River) | Culture Travel (Culture Ladakh), (Jammu & Kashmir), (Himachal Pradesh), (Garhwal-Kumaon), (Sikkim), (Nepal), (Bhutan), (Arunachal Pradesh) Wildlife of Himalayas
 

<< Indian Himalayas << About Himalayas >> << History of  Himalayas >>

H i s t o r y  o f  H i m a l a y a s

The Himalayas are part of the string of Eurasian mountain ranges from the Alps to the mountains of Southeast Asia that were formed within the past sixty five million years by global plate-tectonic forces that produced tremendous upheavals in the Earth's crust.

Etymologically Himalaya means "abode of snow" in sanskrit {from hima "snow", and aalaya "abode"}. The correct name for the range is Himalaya, though the plural Himalayas is often used.  The Himalaya stretch across five nations Pakistan, China, India, Nepal, and Bhutan. It is the source of two of the world's major river systems the Indus Basin and the Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin. An estimated 750 million people live in the watershed area of the Himalayan rivers, which also includes Bangladesh.  The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia Separating the Indian Subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.  By Extension it is also the name of the massive mountain system which includes the Himalaya proper, the Karakoram, the Hindu Kush, and host of minor ranges extending from the Pamir Knot.

To comprehend the enormous scale of Himalayan peaks, consider that Aconcagua at 22,841 feet [6962m.] is the highest mountain in the Andes, while there are over thirty peaks in the Himalaya exceeding 25,000 feet [7620m.]

The Himalayan have attracted geologists, geographers and lovers of nature.  They have a strange fascination for artists, poets photographers and mystics.  They are a paradise for trekkers and mountaineers and are the cradle of thousands of rivers, streams and glaciers. The Himalaya extend over 2500 km in east-west and between 250 to 425 Km in north-South direction.

The Himalaya can be divided into four zones parallel to each other :

The Shiwalik Foothills

5 to 50 km. wide and their altitude rarely exceeds 1500m. This region is generally covered with damp forest.

The Great Himalaya

Comprising the Zone of high snow-caped peaks which are about 150 or 160 Km. from the edge of the plains, this consists of lower alpine zone up to 4875 M. and upper snow-bound zone usually above 4575M. to 5100 M. The alpine zone has rhododendrons, thick shrubs with variety of beautiful flowers and grass.

The Trans Himalayan Zones

About 40Km. in width, encompassing the valleys of the rivers rising behind the great Himalaya, these river basins are at an altitude of 3600M. to 4250M.

Himalaya Ranges

The most extraordinary thing about Himalaya is the way they have been formed in three parallel ranges known as Great Himalaya, the Lesser or the Central Himalaya and the Outer or the Shiwalik Himalaya.  Commencing at Nanga Parbat in the north-west, these ranges pass through Pakistan, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Garhwal, Kumaon, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan & Arunachal Pradesh. M o r e  I n f o.

Himalayan Nature & Abstract

Since time immemorial, symbols reflecting ideology and social order have been used by human societies. Archaeologists and ancient scholars affirm that this tradition goes back to the Paleolithic period, the earliest stage in the evolution of the Homo Sapiens.

However, it was only with the rise of urban civilization the world over that one sees as almost theatrical increase in the production and the use of symbolic objects. The symbols of the Indus Valley civilization were also produced in the context of cities. The innumerable finds of symbolic representations and objects in the different cities of Indus civilization are both exotic and mind boggling. Unfortunately, the exact and specific meaning of Indus symbols eludes us because of the absence of written texts.

Many scholars tried to co-relate the Indus symbols and ritual objects with those used by the later Hindu and Buddhist cultures. However, the inability to decipher the Indus script clouds any final conclusion and neither the Indus script clouds any final conclusion and neither can one be certain about the precise meaning of symbols in a particular period. This is because the meanings of a specific symbol might have changed over a period time. Therefore, the meaning of symbols can only be inferred by examining the different contexts in which the symbolic objects and representations were found.

The use of the Pipal tree as a religious symbol appears to have discrete regional variations. At Mohenjodaro, the deity is always seen standing in the centre of the tree, while at Harappa the deity is placed below an arch made of leaves. The use of garlands and arches made out of Pipal leaves in addition establishes the divine character of the tree. The Pipal and banyan trees are quite common throughout Hindu mythology, where they serve as important symbols of fertility and protection and also death. On the Indus seals, however, the protective and the sacred power of the tree were distinctly portrayed, but it is difficult to confirm any other specific meaning.

Himalayas Symbolic Representations

In order to produce these symbolic objects, artisans perfected many new technologies. Advanced metallurgy was essential to create bronze sculptures and high temperature kilns for manufacturing glazed ornaments, stoneware bangles and all the important seals. These crafts and objects also required standardized form, size and decoration. The production of the various symbolic objects and motifs thus was accomplished through craft specialization and these crafts in turn also helped in maintaining the ritual order.

For instance, such crafts as stoneware bangle-making, seal production and chert weight manufacture, were directly controlled in segregated workshops by the rulers or the state to limit access to these important symbols of power. Moreover, the process of production of stoneware bangles was shrouded in mystery and preserved through complex rituals to enhance the value of the object.

One can surmise this on the basis of the disappearance of this technology with the decline of the Indus elite and cities and was not reproduced again in South Asia till date. Thus, the ancient Indus symbols served a plethora of necessities of Indus people and reciprocally these symbols required a political and ritual edifice for their maintenance.

- :Your Travel Kit To Himalayas Tourism: -

TRAVEL DESTINATIONS HILL STATIONS TREKKING ITINERARIES HOTELS

-:Best Tour Options for Himalayas:-

Kailash Mansarover Tour Pilgrimage Tour Chardham Everest Base Camp  
Kangchenjunga Base Camp Nanda Devi Base Camp   Kangchenjunga Trek - Feel of Real Sikkim
Ladakh the Last Leg   Land of Gods: Kumaon & Garhwal   Monasteries Tour Ladakh

b Back to Main Index

 

Go to TopGo to Home..

BEST  HOTELS  IN  THE  HIGHEST  MOUNTAINS  OF  THE  WORLD

Hotel Inter Continental The Grand Palace - Srinagar Mayfair Hill Resort Darjeeling - West Bengal India Hotel Krishna Mountview, Kausani (Uttaranchal, India)
Leh Ladakh Hotels Hotels Kashmir Hotels in Himachal Hotels in India Hotels Darjeeling Hotels in Gangtok Hotels Uttaranchal


 

T O U R   P A C K A G E S   H I M A L A Y A S
Best of Leh-Ladakh Tours Everest Base Camp Kangchenjunga Base Camp Kailash Mansarovar Yatra (Pilgrimage Travel) 
Magical Mustang High on Nepal Land of Gods: Kumaon & Garhwal Ladakh the Last Leg Indus River Expedition
River Rafting Deoprayag-Kaudiyala-Shivpuri Wildlife Travel Corbett Amarnath Yatra (Travel) Package
Valley of Flowers & Hemkund Sahib Shrine Camping & Mountaineering Himalayas Pilgrimage Tour Chardham
Travel Kaziranga National Park Tons  Valley and Har Ki Dun Trek Paro-Lingshi-Thimpu
Secret of Bhutan-Sikkim-Darjeeling Wonderland       
  More . . . . .

P I L G R I M A G E   I N   H I M A L A Y A S
  Lahaul & Spiti  Pilgrimage in Dharamshala  Kullu Temples  Vaishno Devi Yatra (Journey)  Amarnath Yatra (Journey)
 
Kailash Mansarover Yatra   Holy Places in Sarahan  Holy Places in Tibet   Holy Places in Nepal
  Holy Places in Bhutan      More . . . .

spin-line

O U R   T R A V E L   N E T W O R K
Car Rental in India Car Rental in Rajasthan Hotels in Delhi Agra Jaipur Hotels in India Info India Travel
Indian Heritage Hotels Indian Tigers Indian Wildlife Luxury Delhi Hotels  Rajasthan Heritage Hotels Rajasthan Hotels
  Rajasthan Tour Packages Tour Operator India Travel in Rajasthan  Travel Agents in India

 

Home

Contact Us

About Us

E-Mail

Query

Tour Package

Trekking

Photo Gallery

Travel Tips

 Hotels

Copyright 2007-8, Incredible Himalayas. A l l  R i g h t s  R e s e r v e d   C o n c e p t u a l i z e d  &  D e v e l o p e d   b y    . . B I J U. .