Great Himalayan National Park
Altitude : 15,00-5805 meters.
Climate : MIN. - -5ºC Max. - 30ºC
Best Time to Visit : April to June, September to October
Location : 60 km southwest of Kullu town, Himachal Pradesh
Wildlife Attractions : Snow leopard, Tibetan kiang, ibex, serow and Tibetan antelope.
Great Himalayan National Park was inscribed on the World Heritage List in the year 2014 for its outstanding significance in Biodiversity Conservation. The park has over 1,000 plant species, many medicinal herbs, 31 species of mammals, 209 species of birds, amphibians, reptiles, and insects.
There are four valleys at GHNP i.e. Parvati Valley, Jiwa Nal Valley, Tirthan Valley and Sainj Valley which are named after the rivers that originate in the park. We will be trekking to Rolla from Gushaini along the Tirthan River where you can enjoy the beauty of lush green forests, vast meadows, pristine glaciers and soaring peaks. You can also enjoy activities such as bird watching, wildlife photography while taking a gentle walk into the ecozone of the Great Himalayan National Park.
Flora & Fauna of this Park
Flora - The park vegetation is a diverse mix of Ban Oak Forest, Moist Deodar Forest, Western Mixed Coniferous Forest, Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest, Himalayan Alpine Pastures, and Rhododendron Scrub Forest. The area below 2,000 metres is dominated by blue pine (pinus wallichiana), and higher up by a broad broadleaved forest on sloping areas and fir (Abies pindrow) on the steep areas. Other vegetations are oak, blue pine, cedar (Cedrus).
Fauna - The park has good wild population, especially of avifauna. The park has largest remaining population of Himalayan Tahr in Himachal Pradesh. Major wildlife species found in the park are Snow Leopard, musk Deer, Blue Sheep, Ibex, Wolf, Leopard, Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta), common langur (Presbytis entellus), Himalayan black bear, goral, muntjac, and serow.
From Kullu, National Highway # 21 (to Manali) leads to Aut, from where a motorable road leads part-way to the park. A vehicle can be hired at Kullu to do the trip to Gushaini or Neuli, the end of the road. From here onwards, visitors need to go on foot, as no motor transport or horses are allowed.Within the Great Himalayan National Park, the only form of transport is your own two legs- so make sure you're physically fit and wearing a sturdy pair of boots. A qualified guide is mandatory for everybody visiting the park; you'll be able to hire one at the park's office. A trek through the park is definitely the best way to see the beauty of this area, and with some luck you should be rewarded with some great sightings of birds, bharal, langurs, and even a leopard or bear.
The best seasons for visiting the park are summer from April to June and autumn from September to November. The relatively high density of wildlife in the area assures the visitors of sighting the Monal, Western Tragopan, Musk Deer, Goral, Bharal, and the Himalayan Thar. The rainy season from July to August and the winter season from December to March are not advisable periods to visit the park, as excessive damage to the road network and other inconveniences to the visitor are unavoidable.
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